Dr. Mark Risjord

Professor, Emory College of Arts and Sciences; Adjunct Professor Nell Hodgson School of Nursing, Emory University

IPONS Secretary

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I have been engaged with the philosophy of nursing since 1999, when the Nell Hodgson School of Nursing at Emory University began a PhD program. My philosophical writing in nursing philosophy has focused on metaphysical and epistemological issues arising from nursing. My 2010 book, Nursing Knowledge, explores the philosophy of science that informs nursing discussions of nursing knowledge, the discipline of nursing, and the relation of theory to practice.

I have been an active member of IPONS since 2006.

Selected Publications

  • “Middle-Range Theories as Models: New Criteria for Analysis and Evaluation,” Nursing Philosophy, 20:e1225 (2019).
  • “Evidence and Practical Knowledge.” In Exploring Evidence-based Practice: Debates and Challenges for Nursing, edited by Martin Lipscomb. New York: Routledge. 2016.
  • “Nursing and Human Freedom,” Nursing Philosophy, 15 (1): 35-45 (2014)


  • PhD 1990, Philosophy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
  • BA 1984, Philosophy and Anthropology, University of Wisconsin, USA